ORDER 18 - REFERENCE TO ARBITRATOR
1. In any case in which a matter is referred to one or more arbitrators under the provisions of the High Court Law, the arbitrators shall be nominated by the parties in such manner as may be agreed upon between them.
2. If the parties cannot agree with respect to the nomination, or if the persons nominated refuse to act, and the parties are desirous that the nomination shall be made by the Court, the Court shall appoint the arbitrators.
3. The Court shall by an order under its seal refer to the arbitrators the matters in difference in the suit which they may be required to determine, and shall fix a time for the delivery of the award, and the time so fixed shall be stated in the order.
4. If the reference be to two or more arbitrators, provision shall be made in the order for a difference of opinion among them, by the appointment of an umpire, or by declaring that the decision shall be with the majority, or by empowering the arbitrators to appoint an umpire, or otherwise as may be agreed between the parties, or, if they cannot agree, as the Court may determine.
5. When a reference to arbitration is made by an order of Court, the same process to the parties and witnesses, whom the arbitrators or umpire may desire to have examined, shall issue as in ordinary suits; and persons not attending in compliance with such process, or making any other default, or refusing to give evidence, or being guilty of any contempt of the arbitrators or umpire during the investigations of the suit, shall be subject to the like disadvantages, penalties, and punishments, by order of the Court on the representation of the arbitrators or umpire, as they would incur for the same offences in suits tried before the Court.
6. When the arbitrators are not able to complete the award within the period specified in the order from want of the necessary evidence or information, or other good and sufficient cause, the Court may from time to time enlarge the period for delivery of the award, if it shall think proper. In any case in which an umpire is appointed, it shall be lawful for him to enter on the reference in lieu of the arbitrators, if they have allowed their time, or their extended time, to expire without making an award or have delivered to the Court, or to the umpire, a notice in writing stating that they cannot agree:
Provided that an award shall not be liable to be set aside only by reason of its not having been completed within the period allowed by the Court, unless on proof that the delay in completing the award arose from misconduct of the arbitrators or umpire, or unless the award has been made after the issue of an order by the Court superseding the arbitration and recalling the suit.
7. If, in any case of reference to arbitration by an order of Court, the arbitrators or umpire shall die, or refuse or become incapable to act, it shall be lawful for the Court to appoint a new arbitrator or arbitrators, or umpire in the place of the person or persons so dying, or refusing or becoming incapable to act. Where the arbitrators are empowered by the terms of the order or reference to appoint an umpire, and do not appoint an umpire, any of the parties may serve the arbitrators with a written notice to appoint an umpire; and if within seven days after the notice has been served, no umpire is appointed, it shall be lawful for the Court upon the application of the party having served the notice as aforesaid and upon proof to its satisfaction of such notice having been served, to appoint an umpire.
In any case of appointment under this rule, the arbitrators or umpire so appointed shall have the like power to act in the reference as if their names had been inserted in the original order of reference.
8. The award shall contain a conclusive finding, and may not find on the contingency of any matter of fact being afterwards substantiated or deposed to. It shall comprehend a finding on each of the several matters referred.
9. It shall be lawful for the arbitrators or umpire upon any reference by an order of Court, if they think fit, and if it is not provided to the contrary, to state their award as to the whole or any part thereof in the form of a special case for the opinion of the Court.
10. The Court may, on the application of either party, modify or correct an award where it appears that a part of the award is upon matters not referred to the arbitrators, (provided such part can be separated from the other part and does not affect the decision on the matter referred), or where the award is imperfect in form, or contains any obvious error which can be amended without affecting the decision.
11. The Court may also, on such application, make such order as it thinks just respecting the costs of the arbitration, if any question arises about such cases or their amount, and the award contains no sufficient provision concerning them.
12. In any of the following cases the Court shall have power to remit the award, or any of the matters referred to arbitration, for reconsideration by the arbitrators or umpire, upon such terms as it thinks proper-
(a) if the award has left undetermined some of the matters referred to arbitration;
(b) if it has determined matters not referred to arbitration;
(c) if the award is so indefinite as to be incapable of execution; or
(d) if an objection to the legality of the award is apparent upon the face of the award.
13. No award shall be liable to be set aside except on the ground of perverseness or misconduct of the arbitrators or umpire. Any application to set aside an award shall be made within fifteen days after the publication thereof.
14. If no application. is made to set aside the award, or to remit it or any of the matters referred, for reconsideration, or if the Court has refused any such application, either party may file the award in Court, and the award shall thereupon have the same force and effect for all purposes as a judgment.